Monitoring and Logging in Cloud Era

The Concept

Running application on top application is a great news! However, it does not mean that there is no problem within the solution. The codes sometime behave not right and you need to identify and fix it right away, In order to do that, monitoring and logging provides useful information to understand the behavior of the codes.

  • Monitoring: a process to monitor a variable (metric) in the application
  • Logging: a process to write useful information AND metric into a database or a storage

By default, logging is collecting data and monitoring is watching the data that is collected. After monitoring, the system can do two types activities:

  • Act: for example, running a script, doing auto scale and notify the developer
  • Analyze: for example, creating a report, show an anomaly, and metric math.

The Technology

In the cloud we have two technologies:

  • Monitoring an application: for example: Amazon X-Ray or Azure App Insight
  • Monitoring an infrastructure: for example: Amazon CloudWatch or Azure Monitor

The Metrics

What are recommended metrics to monitor and log, you can see the table


What to monitor

Load Balancer

HTTP codes, Queue length, latency

Virtual Machine

CPU usage, CPU credit, Memory, Status Check Failed


Network in and out, Latency


Usage disk, disk write / disk read


Interested variables

Auto Scaling

State of Instance (Start/Pending), Min / Max Group Size, 400 / 500 codes


The Log Behavior

In general, the log will be stored in 15 months in major log services such as CloudWatch or Azure Monitor. However, you can make it persistent in storage such as blob or storage. Here is an example in AWS. You might want to monitor continuously by streaming the data. For example, when we are using IOT device. We can also provide tags to add useful information for our log.

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