Adjusting the VM Sizing based on the time

Problem Our customer has an issue with their cloud computing expense. They have allocated a VM with over specification with their budget. This is because the VM will work hard in specific time. The customer uses the VM in 09.00 AM and 5 PM. After that the VM is not used. Requirements The customer wants you to reduce the cost by downscaling and upscaling the VM based on the time. Workdays: 09.00 – 17.00 PM Weekend: Off // Solution You have several solutions to accommodate this. Turn off the VM outside the workdays and turn of the VM in the workdays (Option A) Scale down the VM in non-workday, and scale up in the workday (Option B) Well-Architecture Recommendation Choosing A, we will get better cost efficiency. However, there is some circumstance when the VM is misbehaving because the cold-start issue. Choosing B, we still get cost-saving. However, we still pay the downsizing cost How to do that We can use many ways to do that. In Azure, you can use Azure Automation. You can read here Azure Automation Start/Stop VMs during off-hours overview | Microsoft Docs Azure Automation: Scale-Down VM Size - Microsoft Tech Community Auto Scale Up and Down VM's with Azure Automation (wordpress.com)

Scalability Example in Virtual Machine

Background Your customer has a VM (Virtual Machine). The VM contains of Windows Server 2019, SQL Server 2019 Web Edition, and ERP Software. The VM runs on Azure with no redundancy option activated. After a year, the VM has a problem to facilitate the request from the client. Scale up is the first think that we already done. However, the scalability is not fulfilled since one VM means one single point of failure. Therefore, we will make this single VM can be available for scalability purposes. This article will discuss how to prepare scalability environment for VM with 'least effort' medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299"; Solution After reading Make all things redundant - Azure Application Architecture Guide | Microsoft Docs, we strongly believe that we need load balancer on our VM and create a snapshot of our VM. On our case, we are very unlucky since the database and the web application is on one VM. Therefore, we need to do some extra steps as follows Separating between database server and application server. If you are insisting to still make one VM, you will have a risk to lose your data. Snapshot a VM anytime when your database changes is not a good idea. The options are VM + VM SQL Azure – this is the cheapest one, but you should manage the security and patching by yourself VM + SQL Azure – if your application cannot be moved to App Service, this is win-win solution App Service + SQL Azure – this is the most preferred way. Just Be aware of the cost Replicate the database in multi-region you can do by visiting here Creating multiple VM with scalability set. On this step, you should create snapshot of your VM and put the VM behind the load balancer. You can do that by reading this tutorial. You can create with snapshot and ARM template to do that. If you need more than one region. For example, your customer is Europe while your base is in Asia. You can create multi-region VM. You need put the VM behind the Traffic manager. You can read the architecture recommendation here . You should deploy the VM on multiple regions plus you need to maintain the VM by creating regularly snapshot. Multi-Region in regional pairing. I recommend this one, if your customer still on the same geographical area. Doing regional pair, will make sure that the recovery will be prioritized. Multi-Region. I recommend this approach if your customer is separated geographically. Do you have a problem in manage your scalable solution in VM, let's talk! medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299";

The Architect

Becoming architect in today computing is no longer easy just like before. In the past, we just need to learn a computer, its architecture, and its software. Today, business uses IT like never before. Virtualization, Client Server, Distributed systems, and of course cloud computing. On this article, we will discuss what we need to learn as professional architect Professional Architect in Certification In professional world, certification is a measurement of how career development goes. Therefore, let see what the expectation of certification in professional architect Azure Solutions Architect The professional architect should understand Implement and monitor an Azure infrastructure Implement management and security solutions Implement solutions for apps Implement and manage data platforms Design monitoring Design identity and security Design data storage Design business continuity Design infrastructure AWS Professional Architect The professional architect on AWS should understand Design and deploy dynamically scalable, highly available, fault-tolerant, and reliable applications on AWS Select appropriate AWS services to design and deploy an application based on given requirements Migrate complex, multi-tier applications on AWS Design and deploy enterprise-wide scalable operations on AWS Implement cost-control strategies Learning as Architect You can learn to become architect by joining digital training such as: Microsoft Certified: Azure Solutions Architect Expert - Learn | Microsoft Docs Exam Readiness: AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional | AWS Training & Certification The Real Architect You should learn by doing, so lab is better You should learn by reading a lot of material You should practices problem – solution

Scalability with Load Balancer in Azure

Background Your organization already has a VM that host web server to the end-user. You want to make the VM can work scalable based on the demand of the end user. You want to distribute incoming network traffic across a group of back-end resources or services such as virtual machines (VMs). You must scale your applications while maintaining throughput and keeping response times low. Solution For scalability Azure provides you: Azure Load Balancer. It works in Layer 4. You can manage VM, NAT, and the virtual network Application Gateway. It works in Layer 7. You can manage HTTP, HTTPS traffic medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299"; On this case, we prefer to use Azure Load Balancer (since it's a VM) Think the scenario, where you want to put the Azure Load Balancer Public facing. For example, when you have a web server in a public subnet Private facing. For example, when you want to manage load in private subnet such as database server Select proper SKU Basic – communicate with HTTP and TCP protocol, up to 300 instances Standard – Basic SKU plus HTTPs and with SLA 99.99% Choose the backend pool. Backend pool is containing the IP address or VM sets that already exist. For Basic you can only access VM in single network, while standard can access in availability set Availability set Single VM VM Scale set Configure rule of load balancer Configure session persistence. It will help the user can use same VM when doing transaction Create health probe. It rules how probe will make use the load balancer activate when certain health conditions Learn More https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/load-balancer/ https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/learn/modules/improve-app-scalability-resiliency-with-load-balancer/ medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299";

Choosing the right database in the cloud

Problem Background You build a new application in the cloud, and you want to select proper database for your application. There are many choices for database deployment. Today we will discuss tips to choose the right database for your cloud environment. Let's get started! What are the Issues? When choosing the database in the cloud, you will have a lot of option such as self-managed database in the cloud or full managed database in the cloud. Although you already have a good benefit when implement a cloud such as scalability, operational simplicity (sharding, backup, recovery, updates), and cost efficiency when implement in the cloud. However, design consideration will become the main issues in the cloud. medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299"; The Tips Tips 1 – Leveraging the On-Premises database to the Virtual Machine When I use this: You have on-premises database that hosted on a VM. Doing this will make you easy to lift-and-shift You have legacy database that not compatible with the full managed database services provided by your cloud provider. You want to manage your database engine by yourself Tips 2 – Using the full managed database When I use this: You don't have time and resources to manage your database. Ease of administration. You have a compatible database with the cloud provider. Available, durable, and up to date. You build a new application that use modern infrastructure that leverage the power of the cloud. High performance and good scalability Tips 3 – Taking Care the cost Self-managed database will give you lower cost than full-managed database. For the same size, you will get 50% higher cost by using full-managed database vs self-managed database. Tips 4 – Using the Cloud Optimized Database Today the cloud provider provides you a modern and serverless cloud optimized database such as Azure Database SQL Serverless or AWS Aurora serverless. These cloud optimized database is managed database just like SQL Azure or RDS. But it has more performance, more modern, more cost (23% higher than full managed database). If you have data intensive transaction you can choose cloud optimized database. Tips 5 – Using the Non-Relational Database (NoSQL) Beside the relational database, you will have non-relational database that work more simple, more high performance, and key-value access pattern. If your data can be developed in non-relational way you can use the NoSQL engine such as Cosmo DB or DynamoDB. Please make sure The cost to store the data in non-relational is higher than relational database. i.e., 1 TB will cost 250 USD / month in DynamoDB while in Aurora will cost you about 100 USD The availability of NoSQL (99.999) is higher than full managed database (99.99). Is schema less database, so you don't need database schema only table. Personal Conclusion So, what the conclusion so far For small and cost-effective, you should choose to self-manage is the cheapest option and full control For more demanding performances you should choose full managed database. When in doubt or high transaction database you can choose NoSQL medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299";

Quality Assurance of DevOps Project

When we discuss about the quality of software, we discuss about how we can deliver less bugs software and correct. This can be done by having a dedicated members that focusing in quality of a software. It can be software tester, quality assurance engineer, or software development engineering test. This article will discuss what we need to do when we have a DevOps project and need to make sure the quality of the outcome. Failure Reason Let's we ask ourselves, why the result of our DevOps project / Software Engineering project goes wrong? Incorrect requirements Team issues (productivity, miscommunication, mis-coordination) Untested software (have no time to test) Radical changes in software (unstable requirements) Wrong architectural design (wrong technology, wrong design, wrong approaches) medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299"; What we need to do So how we can make sure the result of the DevOps project is sufficient. And the failure risk can be reduced by the QA role. Failure riskQA ActionTask on DevOpsIncorrect requirements Validate the user stories with the customerCheck the actor or roles. Check the feature Check the user story Team Issues Doing weekly QA based on the outcome/ deliverable Learning the demonstration from the developer teamsCheck the deliverable and commitment of the teams in Kanban board Check the status of the story closed when it is tested Untested SoftwareRetested by doing daily QA with development team Retested by doing weekly QA with the customerPut bugs and additional tasks to developer team Creating test plan, test case, and test suite Creating manual based on test resultRadical Changes in software Creating meeting notes for bugs Creating notes for changes Put bugs and monitor the progress Validates the changes, if changes is approved Wrong architectural designDiscussing the information architecture issues with the development teams Discussing the solution architecture with the development teamsCreating tasks that related with architecture changes. medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299";

Implementing Corporate University in Azure and Microsoft 365

What is Corporate University? Corporate is a formed into an association and endowed by law with the rights and liabilities of an individual. Corporate hires the talent to achieves their mission and vision. Therefore, the successful of corporation depends on the talents that joined the company. To make the talents work better, the corporate creates programs that helps the talent to achieve more. Corporate university is professional development process that organized by the corporate itself. It means the organization works just like university to prepare for the talents to have specific outcomes based on the organization specific needs. Who is the actor of corporate university? You can put a lot of actors for the corporate university, on this article let's just focus on the essentials: Admin, a person who manages the entire system of corporate university Manager, a person who assigned a talent something to learn based on the division / organization needs Learner, a talent / employee that participates in learning Author, a person who help to create courses Mentor, a person who help to deliver a course / topic. What are the elements of the corporate university? We can define elements as a fundamental structure of corporate university. On corporate university, we have Program, a learning plan that consist of several related courses to obtain specific skillset. For example, onboarding program will have several courses related for a new employee. Course, a structured content to obtain specific knowledge or skill. For example, communication course will make sure the employee understands the basic of the business communication Certification, an assessment to validate the professional development of the employee. Certification is a culminating activity to validate the skillset that learnt in a program/program. Artifacts, a specific evidence that can be obtained by finishing the program, course, and certification Course will obtain you an XP (eXperience Points) Program will obtain you a badge Certification will obtain you a certificate Portfolio, a report that can be generated that shows the artifacts of the learner. How to implement Corporate University in Your Organization medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299"; Is the corporate university can be applied in my organization? Make sure your organization have a resource to implement corporate university. If you don't have resources such as author or admin. You can use exiting platform such as LinkedIn Learning, Udemy, Coursera, and many other. Make sure your organization have a policy for learning. The policy should cover Learning schedule. For example, employee should finish 10 courses in a quarter Benefits in career advancement. For example, employee should finish onboarding program before they join a project Make sure the certificate and the other artifacts can be standardized and can be used to fulfill regulatory requirements. For example, the Microsoft Certified Professional can be used to apply information system project in a government. How to use Azure and Microsoft 365 for Corporate University There is a lot of system that help corporate to implement corporate university. For example, Moodle Workspace, Open EdX, and others. Make sure the organization use Microsoft 365 as the organization ID Make sure you activate Microsoft Teams for discussion platform Make sure you implement the corporate university platform in Azure. You can see the big picture on this picture medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299";

The Change Directory is not enabled in Azure Subscription

Problem Microsoft Azure Subscription resides on a directory namely Azure Active Directory. You want to move or to consolidate the Azure Subscription into others directory. However, you find that the change directory button is disabled. You need to change the Azure Subscription to the new directory Causes This problem happens because of the three requirements are not fulfilled. You must be the Service Administrator for the subscription You must be signed in using a Microsoft Account / Office 365 Account You must have access to the directory you want to associate with Solution Based on the causes we can do several steps: medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299"; #1 Check your service administrator account. Visit https://account.windowsazure.com/Subscriptions Login with administrator account of the azure subscription Click on the subscription you want to change. Click on "Edit subscriptions details" and enter the Microsoft Account that is going to be Service Administrator. Only service administrator can migrate your subscription. Click Save #2 Add the service administrator in the Azure Active Directory Destination Visit https://portal.azure.com/#blade/Microsoft_AAD_IAM/ActiveDirectoryMenuBlade/Overview Login with the owner of the Azure AD Click on users. Click add users. Add the service administrator account by using invite the user. Check the email by login as service administrator. Click the email link to join in the directory. #3 Change the directory of your Azure Subscription. Login with your services administrator. Visit the subscription (Key Symbol) Click change directory. Choose the destination directory. Please wait for one hour or more. Switch to the destination directory Make sure you see your Azure Subscription in the directory Mission accomplished!   medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299";

How to deploy your Azure DevOps repository to Different Azure Subscription

Problem By default, Azure DevOps provides you an easy way to deploy your codes repository to the same account with your Azure Subscription. For example, when you have [email protected], it will have access to Azure subscription that related with [email protected] The problem is raising when you need to deploy your Azure DevOps repository to the different account or subscription that not related with your tenant. For example, you want to deploy your solution to contoso.com active directory but you only have access to adatum.com. This article will give you an insight into the possibility of the solution. Solution #1 Adding your account in their active directory. You request the administrator of contoso.com to add you as a guest in their azure directory. You request them to give you an access as owner of a resource group or as contributor in a cloud service. In a startup or small business this is possible, but in medium and large enterprise this solution might be not acceptable. You can see the tutorial here Tutorial: Grant a user access to Azure resources using the Azure portal - Azure RBAC | Microsoft Docs #3 Creating service principle to connect between the Azure DevOps to their Azure. Azure DevOps has a feature namely services connection. It can connect the subscription into the Azure DevOps. You can see the video here. medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299";

How to Become DevOps Engineer?

What is DevOps Engineer DevOps engineer is a sensual role in a company that focus in delivering software engineering toolchain and culture in the organization. DevOps engineer is a software engineer that care not only to build a software but also to operation the software. The purpose of the DevOps is to improve the productivity of the developer and the performance of the operation team. It happens by creating a set of culture and computing environments that support their workflow. DevOps is closely related to the cloud computing. Cloud computing empowers the DevOps process to achieve more by reducing the complexity in the infrastructure. On this article, we will discuss how to become DevOps engineer. We will use DevOps toolchain from Microsoft or Amazon AWS interchangeably. The Component of the DevOps We already hear this about its thousands of times. The six practices of the DevOps are: Continuous integration. A practice that integrates your codes into one single repository (such as GitHub). After that, the codes are tested and automated. Continuous delivery. A practice that automatically deploy your tested codes into staging environments or production Microservices. A practice that composes your codes into small pieces that has loosely coupled dependency. Infrastructure as a code. A practice that automatically construct the infrastructure that needed for development and production. Monitoring and logging. A practice that monitors your production infrastructure as well as your application through log and metrics. It also provides alert or automatic action based on the metrics. Collaboration and communication. A practice that delivers the organization an environment to do communication and collaboration that blended with the DevOps initiatives. medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299"; The Domain of the DevOps Knowledge If you want to learn a DevOps and proof your DevOps knowledge you should understand these domains. Domain 1. SDLC Automation. Understanding what DevOps and what toolchain that you can use. Domain 2. Configuration management and Infrastructure as a code (IAAC). Be able to prepare the infrastructure with IAAC method. Domain 3. Managing monitoring and logging. Be able to setup and to configure toolchain that related with monitoring and logging. Domain 4. Applying policies and standard automation. Be able to enforce the security, governance, and policy to DevOps environment. Domain 5. Recovering from incident. Be able to do restore operations in DevOps environment. Domain 6. Managing High Available, Fault Tollerance, and disaster recovery. Be able to design, to implement, and to manage best practices architecture and approaches in DevOps environments. That is the basic of DevOps knowledge domain that you should understand, let's discuss more. In another post.   medianet_width = "600"; medianet_height = "250"; medianet_crid = "858385152"; medianet_versionId = "3111299";

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This blog will be dedicated to integrate a knowledge between academic and industry need in the Software Engineering, DevOps, Cloud Computing and Microsoft 365 platform. Enjoy this blog and let's get in touch in any social media.

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